Thyme is one of the most well-known culinary herbs today as it also has a long history of using as a medicinal herb. If you look back in the Roman era, it was ingested to protect from poisoning. Now these days before refrigeration and food safety laws, including these properties in recipes gave you at least a few protections against spoiled meat and food-borne illness. Before using these modern antibiotics, thyme oil was used to medicate bandages.
Thyme is an herb which belongs to the mint family that you may be identify from your spice set. Thyme is of the genus Thymus. The most usual type is Thymus vulgaris. It is a herb which is used in culinary, medicinal and ornamental purposes. The flowers, leaves, and oil of thyme are used for the medication of diarrhea, stomach ache, arthritis, colic, sore throat, cough, including whooping cough, bronchitis, flatulence, and as a diuretic, to enhance urination.
Facts about thyme
- Thyme possess antifungal, antibacterial, insecticidal properties.
- In ancient times, it has been used for embalming and to defend from the Black Death.
- We can use in any form of thyme as fresh and dried herbs and essential oil.
Health Benefits of Thyme
In general, thyme is wonderful at supporting the immune and respiratory systems as well as the digestive, nervous and other body systems. It’s a gentle powerhouse when it is used to staying healthy. Thymol is one of a most widely natural occurring class of compounds known as biocides, compound that can damage harmful organisms. if you use thyme alongside other biocides, such as carvacrol, it has a strong antimicrobial action. It is discovered that thymol can decrease bacterial resistance to usual drugs such as penicillin.
1. Killing The tiger mosquito
The tiger mosquito is local to tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast Asia. Since the 1990s, it has spread around all over the world, it carries a very dangerous virus as West Nile virus, Yellow fever virus, St. Louis encephalitis, dengue fever, and Chikungunya fever.
A study has been conducted at Chungbuk National University in South Korea which has found that a mixture of thymol, alpha-terpinene, and carvacrol was effective in killing off tiger mosquito larvae.
2. Reducing High Blood Pressure
It is well known that thyme is used to reduce the high blood pressure as many Researchers at the University of Belgrade, in Serbia, has discovered that an aqueous extract which was obtained from wild thyme decreased blood pressure in tests conducted on rats. As rats have similar responses to humans when they have hypertension, so the conclusions could have implications for humans.
3. Foodborne Bacterial Infections
It is thought that thyme as antibacterial properties as it was proved by A team at the Center for Studies of Animal and Veterinary Sciences in Portugal studied the antimicrobial activity of essential oils extracted from a variety of aromatic plants, including thyme oil.
They investigated that thyme oil, even at low concentrations, displayed potential as a natural preservative of food products against various common foodborne bacteria that become the reason of human illness.
A Polish study examined thyme oil and lavender oil, and they found that thyme oil was effective against resistant strains of Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Escherichia and Pseudomonas bacteria.
4. May Fight Cancer
The properties in this herb have been discovered to fight against variety of tumors and cancer. Especially carvacrol is a major component of the essential oil that shows antitumor properties, making this useful plant a potent cancer-fighting food.
One of the most recent studies which is carried out in China and published in Anti-Cancer Drugs discovered that carvacrol blocked the proliferation and migration of the two colon cancer cell lines. Overall, research also finds that carvacrol has therapeutic potential for both the prevention and medication of colon cancer.
5. Naturally Remedies Bronchitis
Thyme has been used for many centuries for the medication of coughs and bronchitis. A study has been conducted by the Practice for Internal Medicine and Pneumology in Germany used an oral medication that was a mixture of thyme and ivy. The group treated with this mixture had a 50 percent declined in coughing fits that was achieved two days earlier than the placebo group. Furthermore, the group treated with this mixture had no more harmful events than the placebo group and no serious adverse events at all.
6. Yeast Infection
The fungus Candida albicans is a very common cause of mouth and vaginal yeast infections, a recurring condition usually referred to as “thrush.”
Researchers at the University of Turin, in Italy has been discovered that essential oil of thyme significantly increased the intracellular killing of C. albicans, which causes thrush, in the human body.
7. Prolonging the Stability of Cooking Oils
Lipid oxidation is a severe issue during food processing and storage. It may become the reason to losses of quality, stability, safety, and nutritional worth.
Scientists from Warsaw, in Poland, conducted a experiment to find whether thyme extract might prolong the stability of sunflower oil at different ranges of temperatures. They recommend that thyme might be a powerful antioxidant for stabilizing sunflower oil.
8. Common Skin Problems
Skin problems are very common all over the world. In some areas of the world, herbal preparations are significant form of medicine.
A team at Addis Ababa University, in Ethiopia, conducted a experiment to assess the medication benefits of a 10 percent chamomile extract cream and a 3 percent thyme essential oil antifungal cream for eczema-like lesions.
They had discovered that 66.5 percent of patients who were treated with a fungal cream containing thyme essential oil were completely healed as compared to those with 28.5 percent using a placebo. findings for the chamomile cream were similar to those for the placebo.
The researchers find: “A 3 percent thyme essential oil cream could show a comparatively economical and easily available opportunity to medicate and treat mild to moderate cases of fungal infections.
Scientists from Leeds, in the U.K., examined the effects of myrrh, marigold, and thyme tinctures on the bacterium that becomes the reason of acne. They discovered that thyme may be effective at treating acne.
Its antibacterial effect proved more potent than that of standard concentrations of benzoyl peroxide, the active ingredient used in most creams and washes that are suggested for acne. Benzoyl peroxide also causes a burning sensation and irritation on the skin.
In the earliest Egypt, thyme was used for embalming. If we look at back Greeks era thyme was used it as incense in temples, and they added it to bathwater.
The Romans used thyme as a savoring for cheese and alcoholic beverages. They used it as a treatment of people for who were melancholic or shy. They are believed to have introduced it to the British Isles.
Hippocrates, who lived around 460 BCE to 370 BCE, and who is known now a day as “the father of Western medicine,” suggested thyme for respiratory diseases and conditions. It was cultivated in gardens and gathered in the countryside. When the Black Death has spread across Europe in the 1340s, posies of thyme were worn for protection. Scientific research does not encourage this use, but thyme has been shown to have a range of medicinal properties.
Thyme is generally considered safe when ingested in normal food amounts. When taken in greater quantities for medicinal purposes, it’s possibly safe for short durations of time although it can possibly cause digestive problems when taken in huge amounts.
For pregnant or nursing women, it’s excellent to intake this herb in normal food amounts, not medicinal quantities. It’s not a usuall food allergen, but if you’re allergic to oregano or other Lamiaceae species then you might also be allergic to thyme.
For women who are suffering from many hormone-sensitive conditions like breast cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, uterine fibroids or endometriosis, it might act like estrogen in the body. Avoid it if you have any condition that might be made bad by exposure to estrogen.
When used in large amounts, this spice may slow blood clotting, so be especially careful if you have any clotting diseases and/or are currently taking blood thinners. For the same reason, it’s best not to take it two weeks before surgery.