Diabetes Medical

What is Diabetes? Causes of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a serious complex health condition that occurs when the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is increased to a certain level that the body can’t use it properly. If not cured on time, high blood glucose (sugar) levels can cause bad health complications.

Diabetes has two types: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Both have different body conditions, symptoms and reasons of cause, but they are both critically dangerous and need to be cured and managed properly.

Insulin plays a very important role in our body. It is a hormone produced by the pancreas. After eating, our body begins breaking carbohydrates into glucose and performs digestion. The insulin released by the pancreas moves glucose into our cells, where it is used as fuel for energy.

In other words, we should understand that insulin is a key, which open the doors to the cells, allowing glucose to enter.

Type 1 Diabetes

  • Type 1 diabetes occurs when the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the immune system. Pancreas of people with type 1 diabetes is unable to produce insulin. Such people use inject insulin into body for controlling their blood sugar.
  • About 10% of people with diabetes have Type 1.
  • Type 1 diabetes most commonly starts in people under age 20, but may occur at any age.

Type 2 Diabetes

  • With type 2 diabetes, the pancreas continues to produce insulin, although insulin production by the pancreas may significantly decrease over time. The pancreas produces either not enough insulin, or the body is unable to recognize insulin and use it properly. When there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose can’t get into the body’s cells to be used as energy. This glucose then builds up in the blood.
  • Type 2 diabetes is caused by a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Up to 58% of Type 2 diabetes cases can be delayed or prevented through a healthy lifestyle.
  • About 90% of people with diabetes have Type 2.